About 35 kilometers east to the Xian City in Lin Tong County is the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, Qin Shi Huang, which was included in the list of the UNESCO World Heritage in 1987. Being a part of the Mausoleum, the Terra Cotta Warriors Museum was also included in the list, which stands about 1.5 kilometers east to the Mausoleum.
Some pieces of the broken Terra Cotta Warriors were found by several local peasants in 1974 when they were digging for a well. This is how the 14,260-square meters pit of the Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses was found. It pit was soon proved to be a funeral pit buried for the first Qin Emperor, Qin Shi Huang over 2,200 years ago, which makes it one of the most important archaeological excavations of 20th century. Later two more pits were found. All of them cover an area of over 20,000 square meters
So far there are over 8, 000 full-sized warriors and horses and more than 100 chariots been excavated. All of the terra cotta warriors were lively made, and from their hair styles, clothes and gestures, it is easy to tell their identities and duties, generals, officers, cavalry or infantry. There were also over 100, 000 bronze weapons unearthed, which after more than 2,000 years are still sharp and shining, which showed that people had known the metallurgical technology well in the ancient time. In the Terra Cotta Warriors Museum, there are two sets of bronze chariots and horses on exhibition, which were excavated to the west of the Mausoleum and are so far the biggest ones unearthed in China. Because of the limited technology today, most of the excavated warriors and horses have been buried under earth again for better protection and at present there are only 1,000 warriors and horses on exhibition